Debian个人常用操作指南

本文最后更新于 2589 天前, 如有失效请评论区留言.

Debian常用操作指南

一键最新脚本

# export MIRRORS="http://mirrors.tencent.com" # 默认腾讯源, 可以指定其他软件源
curl -s https://cos.ysicing.net/oss/scripts/debian-upcore.sh | bash

Debian 11

赶紧升级Debian 11, 好处多多

升级debian10(buster)内核版本

sed -i 's/buster\/updates/bullseye-security/g;s/buster/bullseye/g' /etc/apt/sources.list

apt update
apt dist-upgrade -y
# apt install -t bullseye-backports linux-image-amd64 -y
# update-grub
# reboot
# 内核
Linux bj01 5.10.0-0.bpo.8-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 5.10.46-2~bpo10+1 (2021-07-22) x86_64 GNU/Linux

Debian 10存档

创建Debian虚拟机

Usage:
  ergo vm create [flags]

Flags:
  -h, --help            help for create
      --path string     Vagrantfile所在目录, $HOME/vm
      --vmcpus string   虚拟机CPU数 (default "2")
      --vmmem string    虚拟机Mem MB数 (default "4096")
      --vmname string   虚拟机名
      --vmnum string    虚拟机副本数 (default "1")

默认使用ergo创建虚拟机

ergo vm create --vmcpus 4 --vmmem 8192 --vmname debian

或者自行使用Vagrantfile

# -*- mode: ruby -*-
# vi: set ft=ruby :

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  config.vm.box_check_update = false
  config.vm.provider 'virtualbox' do |vb|
   vb.customize [ "guestproperty", "set", :id, "/VirtualBox/GuestAdd/VBoxService/--timesync-set-threshold", 1000 ]
  end
  $num_instances = 1
  (1..$num_instances).each do |i|
    config.vm.define "debian#{i}" do |node|
      node.vm.box = "ysicing/debian"
      node.vm.hostname = "debian#{i}"
      node.vm.network "public_network", use_dhcp_assigned_default_route: true, bridge: 'en0: Wi-Fi (Wireless)'
      # node.vm.provision "shell", run: "always", inline: "ntpdate ntp.api.bz"
      node.vm.network "private_network", ip: "11.11.11.11#{i}"
      node.vm.provision "shell", run: "always", inline: "echo hello from debian#{i}"
      node.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |vb|
        vb.gui = false
        vb.memory = 8192
        vb.cpus = 4
        vb.name = "debian#{i}"
        vb.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--natdnshostresolver1", "on"]
        vb.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--ioapic", "on"]
        # cpu 使用率50%
        vb.customize ["modifyvm", :id, "--cpuexecutioncap", "50"]
      end
    end
  end
end

初始化Debian

ergo vm init --ip 11.11.11.111 --docker
# 默认会使用ysicing/ansible镜像,执行ansible脚本初始化debian,--docker参数默认表示安装docker

手动执行之宿主机初始化

git clone https://github.com/ysicing/play-ansible.git
cd play-ansible
# 安装ansible,如果已安装可跳过
./install.sh
# 配置初始化机器
cp inventory.ini.example inventory.ini
# 执行初始化
ansible-playbook init.yml

手动执行之容器化方式初始化

docker pull ysicing/ansible
docker run -it --rm ysicing/ansible bash
cp inventory.ini.example inventory.ini
# 初始化系统
ansible-playbook init.yml
exit

Debian 10升级内核

添加buster-backports源,如果你使用ysicin/debian镜像可跳过

# 默认
cat >/etc/apt/sources.list <<EOF
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian buster-backports main contrib non-free
deb http://mirrors.aliyun.com/debian-security buster/updates main contrib non-free
EOF

# Ucloud
cat >/etc/apt/sources.list <<EOF
deb http://mirrors.ucloud.cn/debian/ buster-backports main contrib non-free
deb http://mirrors.ucloud.cn/debian-security/ buster/updates main contrib non-free
EOF

更新升级

apt update
apt dist-upgrade -y
apt-get install -t buster-backports linux-image-amd64 -y
update-grub
apt autoclean
apt autoremove -y
reboot

Sponsor

Like this article? $1 reward

Comments